SAT Subject US History Practice Question 806: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 806

67. The 1919 Treaty of Versailles ending World War I

A. did not create a lasting peace as envisioned by Woodrow Wilson in his Fourteen Points.
B. gave the United States temporary control of a portion of Germany.
C. was endorsed by the United States because it attempted to contain communism.
D. led to the immediate emergence of the United States as a world power.
E. did not include any ideas put forward by Woodrow Wilson in his Fourteen Points.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Wilson's Fourteen Points encouraged a just peace. He feared that a harsh treaty would lead to another war. The Treaty of Versailles led to resentment and depression in Europe, which ultimately led to the rise of Hitler and World War II. The United States occupied Germany (B) after World War II, not World War I. The policy of containment of communism (C) developed after World War II, not World War I. The United States emerged as a superpower (D) at the end of World War II. Some of the ideas in the Fourteen Points (E), including the League of Nations, found expression in the Treaty of Versailles.

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