SAT Subject US History Practice Question 807: Answer and Explanation
68. The Red Scare of 1919-1920 was, in part, a response to the
A. labor unrest that produced a nationwide strike wave.
B. rise of fascism in Europe.
C. teaching of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
D. rebirth of the Ku Klux Klan.
E. temperance movement and its success in establishing Prohibition.
Correct Answer: A
The Red Scare was a government crackdown on communists, anarchists, and radicals in the late 1910s and early 1920s. Some also saw it as a way to silence labor agitators. Fascists (B) came to power in Europe after the Red Scare-Mussolini in Italy in 1922 and Hitler in Germany in 1933. The Red Scare was not a response to the teaching of evolution (C), the Ku Klux Klan (D), or Prohibition (E).