SAT Subject US History Practice Question 808: Answer and Explanation
69. Because of his belief that the New Deal had not accomplished its goals, Francis Townsend proposed a plan to
A. use nonviolent civil disobedience to oppose racial segregation.
B. send aid to antifascist groups in Europe.
C. force all "subversive" groups to register with the government.
D. ban women from working outside the home until all able-bodied men had work.
E. provide a monthly stipend to everyone in the United States over 60 years old.
Correct Answer: E
Francis Townsend's $200 a month proposal influenced the passage of the Social Security Act. He was one of several leaders who proposed sweeping plans and attracted a large following. Others included Huey Long and his Share Our Wealth Society and Upton Sinclair and his End Poverty in California campaign. Nonviolent civil disobedience (A) is associated with Martin Luther King Jr. and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Also, Philip Randolph threatened a mass march in Washington, D.C., in 1941 if President Roosevelt did not integrate defense industries. It was the Communist Party that sent aid to antifascist groups in Europe (B). J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI, favored registering subversive groups (C) in the 1950s. Many public figures argued that women working during the Depression were taking jobs away from men (D).