SAT Subject US History Practice Question 814: Answer and Explanation
75. Black Codes, passed in many Southern states in 1865 and 1866,
A. helped freed men and women find employment and land after emancipation.
B. were intended to re-create the plantation economy without slavery.
C. were supported by Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass.
D. were opposed by President Andrew Johnson.
E. were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
Correct Answer: B
The Black Codes restricted African Americans' freedom of movement and prevented them from starting businesses or owning land, thus making work on their old plantations the only viable option. Freed men and women (A) were aided by the Freedman's Bureau. Tubman and Douglass (C), two antislavery activists, did not support laws designed to restrict the freedom of African Americans. Johnson did not oppose Black Codes (D). In fact, he vetoed the Civil Rights Bill, which was Congress's attempt to eliminate the Black Codes. The Supreme Court never ruled on the constitutionality of Black Codes (E).