SAT Subject US History Practice Question 817: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 817

78. President Wilson's unwillingness to compromise over the issue of the League of Nations resulted in

A. a surge in popular support for his resolve.
B. his loss of the presidency in the election of 1920.
C. the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles by the European nations.
D. the failure of the Senate to approve the Treaty of Versailles.
E. an increase in power of the Democratic party.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Wilson's unwillingness to compromise over Article X of the peace treaty, which had to do with the establishment of the League of Nations, led to the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles by the U.S. Senate. The United States negotiated a separate peace with Germany in 1921. Wilson did not enjoy a surge in popularity as a result of his battle with the Senate (A), and he was a two-term president who did not run in 1920 (B). The European nations did accept the Treaty of Versailles (C). The Democrats lost the election in 1920 (E) and did not win the White House again until 1932 with the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt.

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