SAT Subject US History Practice Question 821: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 821

82. Henry Clay, "The Great Compromiser," was instrumental in engineering compromises that resulted in all of the following EXCEPT

A. Missouri being admitted to the Union.
B. Rutherford B. Hayes becoming president.
C. resolution of the nullification crisis.
D. California being admitted to the Union.
E. Maine being admitted to the Union.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Henry Clay died in 1852, 25 years before the Compromise of 1877 placed Rutherford B. Hayes in the White House. Clay did play an important role in the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which enabled Maine (E) to become a free state in 1820 and Missouri (A) to become a slave state in 1821. Clay proposed a reduction in tariff of 1833, which convinced South Carolina to rescind its nullification ordinance (C). Clay wrote the Compromise of 1850, which admitted California as a free state (D).

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