SAT Subject US History Practice Question 823: Answer and Explanation
84. The Industrial Workers of the World was known for being
A. a company union, set up and funded by large corporations, to calm worker discontent.
B. a craft union, which avoided unskilled workers in organizing drives.
C. a Gilded Age union more ready to compromise than strike.
D. the most militant and anticapitalist union of the late 1800s and early 1900s.
E. a secret brotherhood responsible for the Haymarket Affair.
Correct Answer: D
The IWW was not a big, or even very successful, union, but it made a name for itself by being fiery and militant, with slogans such as "An injury to one is an injury to all," and "One big union." It was the most militant, not the most compromising, union of its day (C). "Company unions" (A) were not unions in the usual sense of the word but organizations set up by management to head off any union-organizing drives. The American Federation of Labor, not the IWW, was a craft union (B). The IWW was not a secret brotherhood, nor was it involved in the Haymarket Affair (E). Those are associated with the Knights of Labor.