SAT Subject US History Practice Question 824: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 824

85. All of the following are reasons for the U.S. entry into World War I EXCEPT

A. the sinking of the Lusitania.
B. the interception of the Zimmerman Note.
C. German violation of freedom of the seas.
D. the desire to make "the world safe for democracy."
E. the American commitment to the Triple Alliance.

Correct Answer: E


The United States was not a member of the Triple Alliance, which consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The British ship, Lusitania, was sunk (A) by German submarines, killing American passengers. In the Zimmerman Note (B), the Germans promised to help Mexico reconquer the Southwest. This horrified Americans. The use of submarines by the Germans (C) endangered American shipping in the Atlantic. The idealist Woodrow Wilson viewed the war as a means of creating a more democratic world (D).

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