SAT Subject US History Practice Question 827: Answer and Explanation
88. The Soviet Union responded to the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by
A. providing military assistance to the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO).
B. forming the Warsaw Pact.
C. giving financial aid to Central Treaty Organization (CENTO).
D. joining the Alliance for Progress.
E. sending advisers to the Organization of American States (OAS).
Correct Answer: B
The Soviets, regarding NATO as an offensive threat, wanted to counterbalance it with their own defensive alliance. The Warsaw Pact was formed in 1955 as a military alliance. Its members were the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites: Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria. Two of the other groupings, SEATO (A) and CENTO (C), were created with the United States to contain the spread of communism. The Alliance for Progress (D) promoted United States economic assistance to Latin America. The OAS (E) was established to promote economic cooperation among the nations of Latin America.