SAT Subject US History Practice Question 830: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 830

1. In 1500, the civilizations of Mexico and Central America differed from the civilizations of the North American Plains Indians in that the Plains Indians

A. were nomadic, while the civilizations of Mexico and Central America were more stable.
B. lived in adobe houses, while the natives of Mexico and Central America lived in tents.
C. were united, while the natives of Mexico and Central America were scattered.
D. were ravaged by European diseases, while the inhabitants of Mexico and Central America were not.
E. assimilated into European culture, while the inhabitants of Mexico and Central America did not.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

The Plains Indians moved with the buffalo. The civilizations of Mexico and Central America were centered in some of the largest cities on the continent at that time. The Plains Indians lived in tents, not adobe houses (B) and were never able to unite (C). All of the native populations of America were devastated by European diseases (D). The Aztecs did intermarry with the Spanish, leading to the development of the mestizos (a mixed race) and a blending of cultures (E), while the Plains Indians, who mostly did not intermarry, attempted to preserve their way of life.

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