SAT Subject US History Practice Question 832: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 832

3. Which of the following was NOT a presidential action of Andrew Jackson?

A. He opposed the Nullification Ordinance of South Carolina.
B. He advocated the removal of the Cherokees to territory west of the Mississippi River.
C. He defeated the English in the Battle of New Orleans after the War of 1812 was over.
D. He vetoed for the recharter of the Second Bank of the United States.
E. He appointed government workers based on party loyalty.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Andrew Jackson was president from 1829 to 1837. He was called the "Hero of New Orleans" because be defeated the British in 1814, just after the Treaty of Ghent was signed ending the War of 1812 during the presidency of James Madison. All of the rest of the choices were presidential actions of Andrew Jackson. He opposed South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification (A) with both the Nullification Proclamation and the Force Bill. He advocated removing the Cherokees west of the Mississippi River (B) and signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. He vetoed the recharter of the Second Bank of the United States (D) in 1832 because he thought the bank was a monopoly favoring the wealthy. He appointed people to governmental positions based on party loyalty (E) because he wanted to reward his supporters and keep tight control of the government. His predecessor, John Quincy Adams, had been opposed to such overtly political actions.

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