SAT Subject US History Practice Question 836: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 836

7. image

Which of the following is the best description of the cartoon above?

A. The Senate's objection to U.S. membership in the League of Nations
B. The debate involving the membership of the United States in the United Nations
C. The marriage of Woodrow Wilson
D. The problems of establishing economic alliances
E. Wilson's violation of the Constitution by his support of the League of Nations

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

This cartoonist was depicting the dispute over U.S. participation in the League of Nations (1918) and the belief that the United States would be pulled into world conflicts because of it. U.S. membership in the League is depicted as a "marriage" to the foreign nations. The League of Nations is acting as the minister who would make this marriage official, thus involving the United States in foreign entanglements. The United Nations (B) was formed after World War II, clearly out of the time frame of this cartoon. This cartoon has nothing to do with Wilson's relationship to his wife (C). While the source of controversy was the possibility of international alliances, this was not mainly an economic (D) issue. Nothing in the Constitution (E) would have prevented the United States from participating in the League of Nations. The U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. participation in the League of Nations.

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