SAT Subject US History Practice Question 846: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 846

17. The American reaction to Germany's announced intention of resuming unrestricted submarine warfare, violating the Sussex Pledge, was to

A. implement the policy of appeasement.
B. declare war on Germany.
C. negotiate another treaty with Germany.
D. send the Zimmermann Note to Germany.
E. intern German immigrants in the United States.

Correct Answer: B


The Sussex Pledge was a promise made by Germany to restrict the use of submarine warfare to attacks on military transports. The pledge was made before the United States became involved in World War I. When Germany announced the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare, Wilson asked for a declaration of war against Germany. The policy of appeasement (A) was used in the 1930s to placate the aggression of Hitler and the Axis powers. The United States did not negotiate any treaty with Germany (C), and the Germans sent the Zimmermann Note (D) to Mexico shortly after the Germans announced the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. The United States did not intern German immigrants (E), during World War I but did intern people of Japanese ancestry during World War II.

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