SAT Subject US History Practice Question 848: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 848

19. The primary goal of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Southern Christian Leadership Conference was to

A. defend black neighborhoods against police brutality.
B. challenge segregation in the Supreme Court.
C. use nonviolent resistance to achieve desegregation.
D. create equal racial representation in the Democratic Party.
E. reinvigorate the back-to-Africa movement.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

After the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Martin Luther King, Jr. founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to use the methods of nonviolent resistance to integrate public facilities in the South. The Black Panther party called for defense of black neighborhoods against police brutality (A). The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People challenged segregation in the Supreme Court (B) and won the major case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954. It was the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) that led the struggle for racially equal representation (D) at the 1964 Democratic Convention. There was no significant back-to-Africa movement (E) after the 1920s.

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