SAT Subject US History Practice Question 849: Answer and Explanation
20. President Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives because there was evidence that he had
A. mishandled funds in the Whitewater land development scheme.
B. used his influence to arrange for a job for Paula Jones.
C. misused the White House for raising funds for his presidential campaign in 1996.
D. conducted himself in a manner that demeaned the office of the presidency.
E. committed perjury when testifying about the Monica Lewinsky affair.
Correct Answer: E
Clinton was accused of lying before a federal grand jury about the Lewinsky Affair; that is, he was accused of perjury. The House of Representatives viewed this action as a "high crime" or "misdemeanor," an impeachable offense under the Constitution. Choices (A) and (C) were scandals of the Clinton years but were not the basis of the charges of impeachment. The Articles of Impeachment concentrated on the alleged perjury, not on securing a job for Paula Jones (B). Clinton was criticized for his poor conduct as president (D), but again, this was not an impeachable offense.