SAT Subject US History Practice Question 851: Answer and Explanation
22. The Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s was important because
A. it caused people to question established authority.
B. it provided the spiritual rationale for the abolition movement.
C. religious unification caused a reduction in the number of religious sects.
D. religious revivalism lessened in the colonies.
E. it led to the Salem witch trials.
Correct Answer: A
Many new religions developed as a result of the Great Awakening, leading to greater competition for worshippers. This led to a loss of power for the clergy and a questioning of existing religious authority. The abolitionist movement (B) was largely a 19th-century phenomenon that grew out of the Second Great Awakening. The number of religious sects increased (C). Revival meetings (D) were key experiences of both Great Awakenings. The Salem witch trials (E) occurred in the 1690s, before the Great Awakening.