SAT Subject US History Practice Question 856: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 856

27. Passage of the Reconstruction Act of 1867 signaled the

A. end of Jim Crow laws.
B. beginning of Presidential Reconstruction.
C. abolition of slavery.
D. fulfillment of Abraham Lincoln's vision for the post-Civil War South.
E. beginning of Congressional Reconstruction.

Correct Answer: E


The Reconstruction Act of 1867 divided the South into five military districts. While it did not go as far as some radicals had hoped, it ended Andrew Johnson's cautious reconstruction program and ushered in Congressional Reconstruction. Jim Crow laws ended (A) with protests and federal legislation in the 1950s and 1960s. Presidential Reconstruction began (B) with Lincoln's Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction in 1863. The abolition of slavery (C) occurred with the passage of the 13th Amendment in 1865. We are not sure how Lincoln would have responded to post-Civil War problems because he died the month the war ended (D). However, during the war, Lincoln emphasized a quick reunification rather than a prolonged period of military occupation of the South.

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