SAT Subject US History Practice Question 86: Answer and Explanation
2. Which of the following was among the reasons why President Truman decided to drop atomic bombs on Japan?
A. He wanted to free the Philippines from Japanese occupation.
B. He feared a Japanese invasion of the United States.
C. He believed the bombing would shorten the war and save U.S. lives.
D. He wanted to impress the British with U.S. strength.
E. He wanted to destroy every city in Japan.
Correct Answer: C
Truman believed that when the Japanese saw the destruction that an atomic bomb could create, they would surrender, making it unneces- sary to invade Japan and put U.S. solders' lives at further risk. After two atomic bombs were dropped on Japanese cities, the Japanese government surrendered.