SAT Subject US History Practice Question 860: Answer and Explanation
31. European exploration of the Americas resulted in all of the following EXCEPT the
A. introduction of new products to the Americas.
B. spread of European diseases, such as smallpox, to the Native Americans.
C. introduction of new products to Europe.
D. development of unified resistance by the Native Americans to European settlement.
E. mixed-race peoples in Mexico and Central America.
Correct Answer: D
Unity was never achieved among the Native American populations. New products were introduced to the Americas (A), such as gunpowder. European diseases killed off 90 percent of the native population (B). Europe did get new products from the Americas, such as corn (C). Mixed-race people (mestizos) (E) emerged from the intermarriage of the native population and the Europeans.