SAT Subject US History Practice Question 862: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 862

33. The Battle of Saratoga was considered the turning point of the American Revolution because it

A. demonstrated America's naval superiority.
B. signaled the end of loyalist support for Great Britain.
C. led to an alliance between Spain and the colonies.
D. prompted France to enter the war in support of the colonies.
E. resulted in the defeat of General Howe.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

When the Americans won the Battle of Saratoga, the French decided that the colonists might succeed in their fight against England. They joined the Americans against the British, turning the tide of the Revolution. The American forces still had limited naval power (A) compared to Great Britain, and there was still a great deal of loyalist opposition (B) to the war. Spain joined the conflict against Britain but did not play a crucial role in the war in the American colonies or form an alliance with the American colonies (C). General Howe was not involved in the Battle of Saratoga (E).

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