SAT Subject US History Practice Question 875: Answer and Explanation
46. The Progressive movement's most significant impact on American society was
A. eliminating corruption in the political system.
B. convincing large segments of the working class to support socialist ideas.
C. establishing that federal legislation can be used to regulate business.
D. putting the issue of civil rights for African Americans on the national agenda.
E. setting the United States on an isolationist course.
Correct Answer: C
The Progressive movement pushed through significant legislation to regulate industry, from the Meat Inspection Act of 1904 to the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914. Though Progressives were opposed to political corruption, they were certainly not successful in eliminating it (A). The Teapot Dome scandal of the 1920s and the Watergate scandal of the 1970s are evidence that corruption is still a part of the political system. Progressives generally opposed socialist solutions (B) and ignored the issue of race (D). Progressives tended to be internationalists rather than isolationists (E).