SAT Subject US History Practice Question 879: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 879

50. The midterm congressional elections of 1994 were significant because

A. the Democratic Party gained control of Congress.
B. the Republican Party gained control of Congress.
C. the same political party gained control of the executive and legislative branch.
D. it led to bipartisan support for the Contract With America.
E. 18-year-olds were given the right to vote in federal elections.

Correct Answer: B


The midterm elections resulted in the Republican Party gaining control from the Democrats of the Senate and House of Representatives. This makes choice (A) incorrect. This was significant because President Bill Clinton, a Democrat, had to deal with a Republican Congress; the executive and legislative branches of government were not of the same party. Thus, Republicans in Congress, but not the Democrats, pursued the Contract With America (D). Eighteen-year-olds were given the right to vote by the 26th Amendment, ratified in 1971.

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