SAT Subject US History Practice Question 881: Answer and Explanation
52. The Great Compromise, agreed upon during the Constitutional Convention,
A. established the executive branch of government.
B. established a two-house legislative branch of government.
C. established the judicial branch of government.
D. provided for the direct election of Senators by the voters.
E. stipulated that slaves would be counted as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of taxation and representation.
Correct Answer: B
The Great Compromise established a bicameral legislature made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House satisfied large states, which wanted representation to be based on population, and the Senate satisfied small states, which wanted equal representation. The executive branch (A) and the judicial branch (C) were both established by the Constitution but not by the Great Compromise. The 17th Amendment (1917) provided for the direct election of senators (D). The three-fifths compromise, also agreed upon at the Constitutional Convention, established a method for counting slaves (E).