SAT Subject US History Practice Question 885: Answer and Explanation
56. The Harlem Renaissance can best be described as
A. a movement to gain equal access to public accommodations.
B. an urban renewal project in northern Manhattan.
C. a project to preserve 19th-century buildings and artifacts made by free African Americans.
D. a self-conscious effort by African Americans to promote their literature, music, and art.
E. a movement for racial integration in northern Manhattan.
Correct Answer: D
Some key characters of the Harlem Renaissance were jazz musicians Duke Ellington and Fletcher Henderson, poet Langston Hughes, and painter Jacob Lawrence. These men made a concerted effort to gain worldwide respect for African American culture. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s worked to gain equal access to public accommodations for African Americans (A). The Urban Renewal Program (B) was a federal project designed to improve city neighborhoods; it began in the 1950s. The 19th-century free African American community of Weeksville, Brooklyn, not Harlem, was discovered in the 1960s. There has been a movement since the 1970s to preserve it (C). Before the 1920s, Harlem was predominately white; thereafter, it became predominantly African American. Currently, there is a growing white population in Harlem; however, there was no movement called the Harlem Renaissance to integrate Manhattan (E).