SAT Subject US History Practice Question 887: Answer and Explanation
58. C. Everett Koop, President Reagan's Surgeon General, made headlines when he
A. called for an end to the war on drugs.
B. resigned in protest of Ronald Reagan's environmental policies.
C. changed the labeling on foods to show daily requirements.
D. launched a major campaign to prevent smoking.
E. called for new meat-inspection laws to prevent outbreaks of E. coli.
Correct Answer: D
C. Everett Koop was the surgeon general who pushed for a ban on cigarette advertising and dealt with the early stages of the AIDS crisis. He served during the Reagan administration. The war on drugs (A), which had been going on since the Nixon administration, gained momentum during the Reagan years. Koop did not resign (B) from Reagan's administration. The labeling of foods (C) changed under Clinton, and serious outbreaks of E. coli (E) occurred in the 1990s and 2000s.