SAT Subject US History Practice Question 889: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 889

60. Which of the following statements is an accurate description of differences between immigration patterns in the late 19th century and late 20th century?

A. A backlash developed against the more recent immigrants, while the older immigrants were universally welcomed.
B. The more recent immigrants were primarily from Asia and Latin America, while the older immigrants were primarily from Europe.
C. The older immigrants were less educated than the more recent immigrants.
D. The more recent immigrants were taking jobs away from people in the United States, while the older immigrants did not.
E. The more recent immigrants flocked to cities, while the older immigrants flocked to rural areas.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Recent immigrants are less likely to be from Europe than immigrants arriving before 1921. There have been backlashes against immigrants (A) as far back as the Irish immigration of the 1840s and 1850s; they are not something new. Education varies within groups of immigrants (C), both in the early and in the late 20th century. Immigrants during both periods have been accused of taking jobs away from native-born Americans (D). The accusation is largely groundless. Most economists contend that immigration strengthens the economy. Most immigrants during both periods moved into urban areas (E).

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