SAT Subject US History Practice Question 904: Answer and Explanation
75. Which of the following did not reinforce white supremacist notions of race relations in the United States?
A. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision
B. The D. W. Griffith film, Birth of a Nation
C. The Dred Scott v. Sanford decision
D. The Niagara Movement
E. The Dixiecrat Party
Correct Answer: D
The Niagara Movement grew out of a conference held by W. E. B. DuBois at Niagara Falls in 1905. The conference was made up of African Americans who favored active resistance to racism, in opposition to the accomodationist approach of Booker T. Washington. In the Plessy v. Ferguson decision (1896) (A), the Supreme Court gave its seal of approval to racial segregation. It is one of the most well-known decisions in U.S. history. It was undone by another important decision-Brown v. the Board of Education (1954). Birth of a Nation (B) was a racist depiction of the Civil War and Reconstruction, portraying the Ku Klux Klan in a heroic light. In the Dred Scott decision (1857) (C), the Supreme Court stated that African Americans were inferior to whites. The Dixiecrat Party (E), was led by the then South Carolina Governor Thurmond, who ran unsuccessfully for President that year. It broke away from the Democratic Party in 1948, perceiving that President Harry Truman was not sufficiently segregationist.