SAT Subject US History Practice Question 907: Answer and Explanation
78. The Senate passed a censure motion against Senator Joseph McCarthy in the wake of
A. accusations of financial impropriety.
B. hearings that implicated high-ranking members of the military.
C. the execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
D. the Supreme Court's opinion on the constitutionality of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
E. the U.S. entry into the Korean War.
Correct Answer: B
It was the Army-McCarthy hearings in 1954 that brought down McCarthy. He accused the Army of being soft on communism. He had gone so far with his charges of communist conspiracy that President Eisenhower found it necessary to defend the Army against McCarthy's allegations. Accusations of financial impropriety (A) were most famously made against vice presidential candidate Richard Nixon in the 1952 campaign. The Rosenberg Case (C) was not directly associated with Senator McCarthy. The Supreme Court never struck down HUAC (D). McCarthy was at the height of his power during the Korean War (E); he was censured in 1954 after the war was over.