SAT Subject US History Practice Question 913: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 913

84. José Marti and Emilio Aguinaldo are similar in that both

A. fought against U.S. forces in their respective countries.
B. served as governors of U.S. protectorates.
C. led nationalist movements in their respective countries.
D. signed treaties allowing the United States to have a military presence in their respective countries.
E. were leaders of the Organization of American States.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Both Marti and Aguinaldo were important nationalist leaders. Aguinaldo led forces in the Philippines against U.S. occupation from 1899 to 1901, while Marti fought against Spanish rule in Cuba in the latter half of the 19th century. Marti did not fight against the United States (A). Both Marti and Aguinaldo were nationalists fighting for independence; they did not support American occupation, nor would they serve as colonial officials for the United States (B). Marti died in 1895, before the Spanish-American War, and Aguinaldo was captured by the United States in 1901. Neither signed a treaty with the United States (D). The OAS was not formed until 1948 (E).

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