SAT Subject US History Practice Question 914: Answer and Explanation
85. In the 1908 Muller v. Oregon decision, the Supreme Court
A. upheld the use of the Sherman Antitrust Act to break up trusts.
B. forbade states from regulating railroad rates for routes between states.
C. held that worker-protection laws do not violate the constitutional rights of employers.
D. upheld segregation laws, if both sets of facilities are equal to one another.
E. ruled that the government has the right to limit speech if a clear and present danger exists.
Correct Answer: C
This important decision paved the way for other legislation that set workplace regulations. Owners could no longer claim that what went on in their factories was only their business. The Northern Securities v. the United States decision in 1904 upheld the Sherman Antitrust Act (A). The Court struck down state regulation of interstate railway routes (B) in the 1886 Wabash v. Illinois decision. Segregation (D) was upheld in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision. Wartime restrictions on speech (E) were upheld in the 1919 Schenck v. the United States decision.