SAT Subject US History Practice Question 918: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 918

89. President Jimmy Carter broke from previous U.S. administrations in foreign policy by

A. promising to "walk softly and carry a big stick" in his dealings with Latin American nations.
B. vowing to halt communist expansion in Asia.
C. pursuing a policy of détente with the Soviet Union.
D. linking U.S. aid to foreign nations to improvements in human rights.
E. signing a new treaty with Panama extending U.S. control of the Canal Zone.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Jimmy Carter was noted for his emphasis on pressuring despotic regimes to improve their human rights policies. Among many other actions, he criticized the Soviet Union for its treatment of Jews. Teddy Roosevelt promised to "walk softly and carry a big stick" (A) in Latin America. All the presidents from Truman to Reagan vowed to halt communist expansion (B). Détente (C) was Nixon's policy. Carter signed a treaty ending U.S. control of the Canal Zone (E).

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