SAT Subject US History Practice Question 921: Answer and Explanation
2. President Andrew Jackson vetoed the Bank Recharter Bill because he
A. was a Democrat and it was a Whig measure.
B. disagreed with the Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison.
C. believed that paper money was the most important element for economic success.
D. was opposed to the bank's monopolistic power, calling it a "monster."
E. believed it was too late to bring up the question.
Correct Answer: D
Jackson, in his veto message, claimed to represent the poor and powerless, and he portrayed the bank as a monster that deprived working men and farmers of opportunities. It was not a Whig measure (A) because the Whigs came into existence as a result of the veto. The Supreme Court decision (B) that declared the Bank constitutional was McCulloch v. Maryland, not Marbury v. Madison, which established judicial review. Paper money (C) was an important element of the bank's transactions, and Jackson distrusted it. The future Whigs, Daniel Webster and Henry Clay, purposely brought the recharter up early (E) as a way to defeat Jackson in the 1832 presidential election.