SAT Subject US History Practice Question 923: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 923

4. The Chinese Exclusion Act, passed in 1882, had the effect of

A. exempting China from participation in the League of Nations.
B. dividing China into "spheres of influence."
C. banning most Chinese people from immigrating to the United States.
D. establishing the "open-door policy" in regard to trade with China.
E. raising tariffs on goods from China.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

The Chinese Exclusion Act banned immigration of Chinese people to the United States, with the exception of students, teachers, merchants, and government officials. The League of Nations (A) was not founded until 1919, following World War I. In the last decades of the 19th century, European nations established "spheres of influence" in China with exclusive trading privileges (B). These spheres of influence were successfully challenged by the U.S. initiative to create an "open-door" policy (D) of free trade in China at the turn of the 20th century. However, the Chinese Exclusion Act had nothing to do with either trade or tariffs (E).

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