SAT Subject US History Practice Question 927: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 927

8. The increased membership in the NAACP and CORE during World War II resulted from the

A. discriminatory job practices against African Americans during World War II.
B. Black Power movement, which had developed after World War I.
C. establishment of the Fair Employment Practices Commission.
D. addition of Mexicans and women to the workforce during World War II.
E. preference for Native American recruits over African American recruits during World War II.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

There was a great deal of discrimination against African Americans for jobs during World War II. The National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) gained membership in an attempt to stem these discriminatory practices. NAACP and CORE were civil rights organizations, not part of the Black Power movement (B), which began in 1965. The Fair Employment Practices Commission (C) was set up by Franklin D. Roosevelt to monitor discriminatory practices in employment; it was not the cause of increased protest. The addition of Mexicans and women (D) to the workforce in World War II did not account for the rise in membership in CORE or the NAACP, which were African American organizations. The army showed no preference for Native American recruits over African American recruits (E) during World War II.

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