SAT Subject US History Practice Question 938: Answer and Explanation
19. As a result of President Truman's insistence that the Democratic Party include a civil rights plank in its 1948 platform,
A. substantial numbers of white voters abandoned the Democratic Party, allowing the Republican Party to win the general election that November.
B. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act within the next four years.
C. African American activists, encouraged that civil rights were becoming part of the national debate, founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
D. Martin Luther King Jr. was encouraged to organize the March on Washington.
E. many Southern Democrats, or Dixiecrats, left the Democratic convention and formed the States' Rights Democratic Party.
Correct Answer: E
Southern Democrats, or Dixiecrats, became unhappy with the party's steps toward challenging the Jim Crow system of segregation in the South, though these steps were minor. They left the party's convention in 1948 and formed the pro-segregation States' Rights Democratic Party, which nominated Strom Thurmond for president. The Republican Dewey lost the general election to the incumbent Truman (A). The Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act (B) were passed during the Johnson administration in 1964 and 1965 respectively. The NAACP (C) had formed earlier-in 1909. The March on Washington (E) did not occur until 1963, 15 years after the 1948 convention.