SAT Subject US History Practice Question 958: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 958

39. Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner, and James Chaney were lynched in Mississippi during Freedom Summer, when they were attempting to

A. secure the admission of African Americans to the state university.
B. desegregate city buses.
C. desegregate lunch counters.
D. integrate highway rest stops.
E. help African Americans register to vote.

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

The Freedom Summer of 1964, organized by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), began with the tragic murder of the three young men, Goodman and Schwerner from the North and Chaney from Mississippi. They were part of a voter registration drive to help African Americans gain more political power in the South. But it was not until further violent attacks during

demonstrations at Selma, Alabama, that the 1965 Voting Rights Act was passed. African American admission to the University of Mississippi (A) was opened up by James Meredith in 1962. The Montgomery Boycott in 1955-1956 won bus desegregation (B) in the capital of Alabama. Lunch counters (C) were SNCC's target in North Carolina and elsewhere, but Freedom Summer was a voting drive. SNCC also participated in Freedom Rides in 1961 to desegregate interstate highway rest stops (D).

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