SAT Subject US History Practice Question 960: Answer and Explanation
41. A major reason for the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1620 was to
A. provide freedom of worship for Quakers.
B. establish profitable businesses.
C. create a fully democratic government.
D. provide freedom of worship for Puritans.
E. establish a colony with complete separation of church and state.
Correct Answer: D
The Puritans came to the New World seeking freedom of religion for themselves. They neither practiced nor advocated total religious freedom. Pennsylvania was founded in 1681 by William Penn as refuge for Quakers (A). When Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded, the Puritans were interested in religion, not business (B). Democracy was limited in Massachusetts Bay (C). There was no separation of church and state (E) in Massachusetts Bay, as it was a theocracy (church-state).