SAT Subject US History Practice Question 966: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 966

47. Which of the following pairs of laws were enacted as part of President Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society" program?

A. The Interstate Highway Act and the National Defense Education Act
B. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act and the National Origins Act
C. The Social Security Act and the Wagner Act
D. The Medicare Act and the Equal Opportunity Employment Act
E. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act and the Taft-Hartley Act

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The "Great Society" was the major domestic program of the Johnson administration that sought to improve the standard of living of Americans through such legislation as Medicare and the Economic Opportunity Act. The Interstate Highway Act (1956) and the National Defense Education Act (1957) (A) were Eisenhower-era initiatives. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act (1930) and the National Origins Act (1929) (B) reflected isolationist impulses of the 1920s and 1930s. The Social Security Act (1935) and the Wagner Act (1935) (C) were part of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal program. The Servicemen's Readjustment Act (1944) and the Taft-Hartley Act (1947) (E) contributed to the shaping of the post-World War II world.

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