SAT Subject US History Practice Question 967: Answer and Explanation
48. All of the following were part of the Watergate scandal EXCEPT
A. the publication of the Pentagon Papers by the New York Times and the Washington Post.
B. Saturday night massacre, in which one attorney general resigned and another was fired.
C. giving money to rebels in Nicaragua.
D. the revelations of a smoking gun tape, which provided proof of obstruction of justice.
E. the payment of hush money to keep conspirators quiet.
Correct Answer: C
Money given to the rebels, or Contras, in Nicaragua was part of the Iran-Contra affair during the Reagan Administration. Richard Nixon's "plumbers" broke into Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office to get "dirt" on the man who leaked the Pentagon Papers (A) to the New York Times. The Saturday Night Massacre (B) was the night two attorneys general left office (one resigned and one was fired), because they refused to fire the Watergate Special Prosecutor. The Special Prosecutor had demanded Nixon turn over tapes of White House conversations. The smoking gun tape (D) was the proof that Nixon had called for the obstruction of FBI investigations into Watergate matters. Hush money (E) was payoffs to the burglars amounting to many thousands of dollars at a time.