SAT Subject US History Practice Question 985: Answer and Explanation
66. Which of the following statements is true in regard to the role of the Progressive movement in electoral politics?
A. It refused to work with either of the major political parties, labeling them the "parties of big business."
B. Reform-minded politicians in both the Democratic and the Republican Parties worked on Progressive issues.
C. Progressives worked exclusively within the Republican Party, perceiving that the Democratic Party was controlled by special interests.
D. Progressive activists worked for the defeat of the Bull Moose Party in the 1912 election and worked to support the re-election of President Taft.
E. Progressives generally ignored the electoral arena, arguing that no meaningful change could come through electoral politics.
Correct Answer: B
The Progressive movement was a broad movement that included both Democrats and Republicans. It was not exclusively affiliated with the Republican Party (C). In fact, of the two presidents most closely linked to the Progressive movement, Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, one was a Republican and one was a Democrat. The Progressives were not purists; they believed that working through the two major political parties (A) was an effective way of implementing reforms. They certainly did not shy away from electoral politics (E). The Bull Moose Party (D) was formed by Theodore Roosevelt and other Progressive-minded Republicans because they felt that President Taft was not sufficiently Progressive.