SAT Subject US History Practice Question 996: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 996

77. President Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy initiatives included all of the following EXCEPT

A. securing the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with Panama to build a canal through Panama.
B. brokering a peace treaty between Russia and Japan.
C. establishing a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine asserting a U.S. right to intervene in Latin American affairs.
D. popularizing the expression "speak softly but carry a big stick" in regard to dealing with foreign nations.
E. negotiating a treaty with Spain following the Spanish-American War.

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Although Roosevelt fought in the Spanish-American War, it occurred before his presidency. Roosevelt did secure the Panama Canal Zone for the United States (A). He won a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts at brokering a peace treaty between Japan and Russia (B). He established the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (C). At times he dispatched U.S. battleships to various parts of the world as a show of strength, exemplifying the adage "speak softly but carry a big stick" (D).

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