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1. The Reconstruction amendments affected the right to suffrage of
A. African-American voters B. female voters C. voters between the ages of 18 and 21 D. Native American voters E. Ku Klux Klan members
2. Which of the following authors was NOT a member of the "Lost Generation"?
A. John Dos Passos B. F. Scott Fitzgerald C. Ernest Hemingway D. John Steinbeck E. Jack Kerouac
3. Which of the following supports the thesis that George Washington was unique among U.S. presidents?
A. He was from Virginia. B. He was the universal choice for president among politicians of all parties. C. He had served with distinction in the military. D. He warned the nation against involvement in foreign wars. E. He easily might easily have been elected to a third term if he had run for reelection.
This political cartoon alludes to an experiment with electricity performed by
A. Ulysses S. Grant B. Benjamin Franklin C. Thomas Edison D. Henry Ford E. Leonardo da Vinci
5. What did the Platt Amendment of 1902 establish?
A. U.S. sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone B. Panama's status as an independent nation C. General Leonard Wood as governor of Cuba D. Cuba's status as a protectorate of the United States E. Puerto Ricans' status as U.S. citizens
6. What was one major purpose of the settlement-house movement of the 1880s and 1890s?
A. To provide day care for the young children of working parents B. To lead the fight for woman suffrage C. To organize a fight for racial integration in major cities D. To lead rent strikes against slum landlords E. To publish newspapers that revealed political graft and corruption
7. Jackie Robinson's first appearance in a Brooklyn Dodgers uniform in 1947 struck an important blow for civil rights because he
A. won the first rookie of the year award after the 1947 season B. brought the Negro League style of play to the major leagues for the first time C. proved to thousands of fans every day that there was no legitimate reason to exclude African American players from major league baseball D. received death threats from people who believed that baseball and society should remain segregated E. was honored by having his number retired by major league baseball in 1997
8. Which two painters are considered the originators of a typically American style of painting?
A. Diego Rivera and Grant Wood B. Andy Warhol and Thomas Nast C. Marcel Duchamp and Jackson Pollock D. Matthew Brady and Robert Henri E. Thomas Eakins and Winslow Homer
9. Which of the following journalists played a key role in the disclosure of criminal activity in the Nixon administration?
A. Theodore H. White B. Bob Woodward C. Ida Tarbell D. Walter Winchell E. Hunter S. Thompson
10. The Lewis and Clark expedition set out with all the following purposes EXCEPT:
A. finding a water route across North America to the Pacific Ocean B. making accurate maps of the Louisiana Territory C. establishing friendly relations with Native American tribes living in the Louisiana Territory D. identifying appropriate sites for major cities to be founded and built E. cataloging species of plants and animals as yet unknown in the United States
11. Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect, but we have never had to put up a wall to keep our people in, to keep them from leaving us. The speaker most likely made this speech during which of the following conflicts?
A. World War I B. World War II C. Cold War D. Korean War E. Vietnam War
12. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, belief in a nonviolent approach to achieving civil rights for African Amer icans was influenced primarily by
A. Buddha B. John Locke C. Mohandas Gandhi D. Plato E. Confucius
13. The huge influx of European immigrants throughout the nineteenth century helped give rise to which of the following forms of entertainment in the United States?
A. Opera B. Baseball C. Television D. Tennis E. Horse racing
14. All the following are included in the "Four Free doms" President Franklin D. Roosevelt described to Congress in 1941 EXCEPT:
A. freedom to worship in one's own way B. freedom from fear C. freedom of speech and expression D. freedom to overthrow a tyrannical government E. freedom from want
15. Which important legal principle did Chief Justice John Marshall establish in Marbury v. Madison?
A. Presumption of innocence B. Right to remain silent C. Majority rule D. Judicial review E. Constitutional law
16. Which nineteenth-century author created the proto type of the strong, silent American hero of fiction and drama, who keeps his own counsel and relies only on his own judgment?
A. Edgar Allan Poe B. James Fenimore Cooper C. Herman Melville D. Walt Whitman E. Nathaniel Hawthorne
17. The phrase "conspicuous consumption" was first used to describe the upper classes during the
A. 1890s B. 1920s C. 1940s D. 1960s E. 1980s
18. In what way was the purchase of the Louisiana Territory inconsistent with Thomas Jefferson's polit ical beliefs?
A. He did not think it was right to take any more land from the Native Americans. B. He did not think the United States should continue expanding to the west. C. He believed the Constitution should be interpreted according to the letter. D. He believed that the French would attack the United States after the sale of the land. E. He felt it was his duty as president to take advantage of the opportunity to buy the land.
19. What was the immediate U.S. response to the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon?
A. An invasion of Afghanistan B. An invasion of Iraq C. The disbanding of the United Nations D. The introduction of a military draft E. The suspension of the current session of Congress
20. Which treaty granted the United States full sovereignty over the Panama Canal Zone?
A. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo B. Brest-Litovsk Treaty C. Treaty of Versailles D. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty E. Treaty of Tordesillas
21. Promontory Point, Utah, is historically significant as the site of the
A. realization by Lewis and Clark that there was no water route to the Pacific Ocean B. tests for the first atomic weapons created by the United States C. meeting of the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads D. first permanent settlement built by the Anasazi E. colony of Mormons established by Brigham Young and his followers
22. Which of the following was the primary cause of the Boston Massacre?
A. Passage of the Stamp Act B. Passage of the Sugar Act C. Boston Tea Party D. Revocation of the royal charter of Massachusetts E. Installation of British troops in Boston during peacetime
To which of the following does this cartoon refer?
A. The purchase of Alaska by William H. Seward B. The concern people in the United States felt over the building of the Berlin Wall C. The Russian Revolution of 1917 and the assassination of the Russian royal family D. The World War II alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union E. The fear of Soviet communism felt by people in the United States during the McCarthy era
24. The Progressive movement of the early 1900s had all the following goals EXCEPT:
A. creating public parks and playground in cities B. providing recent immigrants with an opportunity to learn English C. supporting legislation against urban slum landlords D. fighting for laws that would make the urban workplace safer E. preventing racial segregation in American cities
25. Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist. The speaker of this quotation most likely is referring to which of the following?
A. The Lend-Lease Act B. The Marshall Plan C. The Schlieffen Plan D. The Embargo Act E. The War Powers Act
26. To check the executive's power to veto a bill passed by Congress, the legislative branch of the government can
A. impeach the president B. filibuster the veto C. petition the states D. amend the Constitution E. override the veto
27. Which of the following did Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" speech to Congress NOT call for?
A. Reduction of national armaments B. Return of Alsace-Lorraine to France C. Formation of an association of nations D. Restoration of the Russian monarchy E. Freedom of navigation in international waters
28. The survival of the fittest is simply the survival of the strong, which implies and would better be called the destruction of the weak. If nature progresses through the destruction of the weak, man progresses through the protection of the weak. The speaker of the above quotation most likely opposed
A. progressivism B. Social Darwinism C. Prohibition D. labor unions E. woman suffrage
29. Which of the following inventions was necessary to the success of the multistory skyscraper?
A. Giuseppe Marconi's radio telegraph B. Thomas Edison's lightbulb C. Elisha Otis's elevator D. Henry Ford's Model-T automobile E. Alexander Graham Bell's telephone
30. Follow the money, "Deep Throat," and "expletive deleted" are all phrases associated with the
A. Watergate scandal that brought about the resignation of President Nixon B. impeachment of President William Clinton C. XYZ Affair of the Adams administration D. impeachment of President Andrew Johnson E. Teapot Dome scandal of the Harding administration
31. The 1921 Four-Power Treaty stated that France, Great Britain, Japan, and the United States would
A. respect one another's claims to territory in the Pacific B. maintain navies of equal size C. provide aid if any of the other three nations were attacked by a foreign power D. work together to establish free trade with China E. eliminate tariffs on imports from the other three nations signing the treaty
32. All the following suggest that President Theodore Roosevelt did not support the interests of large corporations EXCEPT:
A. He signed laws that broke up monopolies into smaller business. B. He ordered an investigation into the practices of the food-processing and food-manufacturing industry. C. He allowed U.S. Steel to absorb the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company during the panic of 1907. D. He signed laws that gave the government the authority to regulate the railroads. E. He encouraged arbitration of labor disputes.
33. Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Mexican-American War?
A. U.S. support of Texas in the 1836 Texas Revolution B. Nonpayment of the debt owed by Mexico to the United States C. Border disputes between Mexico and Texas D. U.S. desire for California E. The Mexican siege of the Alamo
34. Which advantage did the Union NOT have over the Confederacy at the beginning of the Civil War?
A. Control over the majority of the nation's industry and material resources B. Location of major national railroads in Union states C. Loyalty and support of the U.S. Navy D. A larger population and thus a larger pool of available soldiers E. Superior, more experienced military leaders
35. The late nineteenth-century revolution in industry and technology affected the nature of work in U.S. society in all the following ways EXCEPT:
A. Workers migrated to cities to find jobs, shifting the population. B. The growth of industry meant increasing num bers of women left the workforce and returned to domestic work. C. The long-distance communications industry was created. D. There was an increasing division between work life and home life. E. More jobs became available in the railroad industry.
36. The United States declared war on Germany directly after
A. sinking of the Lusitania by German U-boats B. signing of the Sussex Pledge by Germany C. passage of the National Defense Act of 1916 D. establishment of the International Red Cross Organization E. publication of the Zimmerman Telegram in U.S. newspapers
37. Northerners who opposed the Civil War showed their opposition by
A. joining the Confederate Army B. leaving the country for Canada and Great Britain C. flying the Confederate flag D. protesting the draft and starting antiwar riots with speeches and articles E. trying to nullify the election of Abraham Lincoln to the presidency
38. Patrick Henry showed his support for the cause of independence primarily by
A. writing pamphlets B. making speeches against the British Crown C. writing the Declaration of Independence D. printing seditious newspaper articles in defiance of the colonial authorities E. organizing the Boston Tea Party
39. By the early 1930s, the U.S. film industry had made which of the following major changes?
A. From silent films to talking pictures B. From black-and-white to color film C. From a studio system to an independent film industry D. From filming primarily in Hollywood to filming on location all over the country E. From Cinemascope to Kinescope
40. [There is] a contest between the producing classes and the money power of the country. . . . Working men are entitled to a just proportion of the proceeds of their labor. Which of these men made this state ment in 1894?
A. Banker J. P. Morgan B. Auto manufacturer Henry Ford C. Railroad owner George Pullman D. Labor leader Eugene V. Debs E. President Grover Cleveland
41. The economy of the antebellum South was primarily dependent on
A. shipping and trade B. manufacturing and skilled labor C. government employment D. land and slaves E. foreign investment
42. The Anasazi are the ancestors of which Native American nation?
A. Iroquois B. Pueblo C. Cherokee D. Seminole E. Choctaw
43. The United States adopted neutrality laws in the 1930s as a response to the rise of which form of government in Europe?
A. Anarchy B. Autocracy C. Communism D. Monarchy E. Fascism
44. This atrocious decision furnishes final confirmation of the already well-known fact that, under the Constitution and government of the United States, the colored people are nothing and can be nothing but an alien, disenfranchised, and degraded class. The speaker of the above quotation probably was reacting to which of the following Supreme Court decisions?
A. Dred Scott v. Sanford B. Powell v. Alabama C. Korematsu v. United States D. Sweatt v. Painter E. Gideon v. Wainwright
45. Which one of the following men did NOT succeed to the presidency when the president under whom he served was assassinated?
A. Theodore Roosevelt B. Franklin D. Roosevelt C. Lyndon B. Johnson D. Andrew Johnson E. Chester A. Arthur
46. Which of the following American regional novelists is known for his or her stories of the Great Plains states?
A. Willa Cather B. Mark Twain C. Bret Harte D. Jack London E. Edith Wharton
47. Brigham Young is significant in U.S. history because he
A. led a migration of Mormons to settle in the territory of Utah in the late 1840s B. denounced the U.S. treaty with Mexico after the Alamo C. led settlers to California in the 1830s D. denounced the Mormon practice of polygamy E. led an attack on the Ute nation in aid of non-Mormon settlers in 1857
48. Which of the following was a 1912 Olympic competi tor called at the time "the greatest athlete in the world"?
A. Jim Brown B. Jesse Owens C. Bob Mathias D. Jim Thorpe E. Rafer Johnson
49. The emphasis of the Great Awakening of the mid-1700s was on individual salvation by
A. separation of church and state B. predestination C. faith in the absolute power of God D. the nonexistence of heaven or hell E. the divinity of the English monarch
50. All the following have been traditional targets of Ku Klux Klan violence EXCEPT:
A. African Americans B. Catholics C. Jews D. immigrants E. Lutherans
51. Which new technology had the most profound effect on U.S. society in the 1980s?
A. The fuel-injection engine B. The SST C. The Challenger space shuttle D. The DVD player E. The personal computer
52. Which quote below is from Thomas Jefferson's first inaugural address?
A. We have called by different names, brethren of the same principle. We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists. B. Let me assert my firm belief that we have nothing to fear but fear itself C. Ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. D. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. E. It is time to reawaken this industrial giant, to get government back within its means, and to lighten our punitive tax burden.
In 1821 William Becknell loaded a wagon with tools, clothing, and other goods and blazed the trade route shown on the map above. It is known as the
A. Chisholm Trail B. Oregon Trail C. Wilderness Road D. California Road E. Santa Fe Trail
54. See to it that every man has a square deal, no less and no more was Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 campaign promise to
A. map out square lots of free land in the Okla homa Territory B. limit trusts, promote public health, and improve working conditions C. balance the federal budget D. grant oil companies the right to buy smaller companies E. institute a flat-rate income tax
55. The Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Educationmade it illegal to
A. have an abortion B. teach evolution in public schools C. segregate public schools by race D. pray in a public school E. recite the Pledge of Allegiance in a public school
56. The usual reaction of the stock market to a political crisis is
A. for the Stock Exchange to close for a week B. a rise in stock prices and an increase in buying C. the stoppage of payment on government bonds D. a fall in stock prices and an increase in selling E. an increase in foreign investment
57. Beware, commies, spies, traitors, and foreign agents! Captain America, all loyal free men behind him, is looking for you. This quotation refers to a
A. vaudeville star B. presidential radio announcement C. newspaper column D. radio drama E. comic book superhero
58. The success of which of these nineteenth-century inventions was a direct result of the growth of the railroads?
A. Telephone B. Automobile C. Threshing machine D. Telegraph E. Colt revolver
59. A two-thirds majority in each house of Congress and a national convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of the state legislatures are the two ways of initially
A. proposing an amendment to the Constitution B. recalling the president C. ratifying an amendment to the Constitution D. repealing an amendment to the Constitution E. declaring war on a foreign power
60. During the Age of Exploration, Christopher Columbus and other explorers planned their voyages by studying the charts of geographers and
A. mathematicians B. astronomers C. military generals D. astrologers E. alchemists
61. The temperance movement began in the 1820s as an attempt to
A. bring about more lenient sentences for criminals B. lessen the restrictions on immigration from Ireland C. persuade Congress to be tolerant of Native American religious practices D. bring reform to insane asylums and prisons E. persuade people to limit their consumption of alcohol
62. Which of the following was NOT created or passed under the New Deal?
A. Works Progress Administration B. Social Security Act C. Civil Rights Act D. Securities and Exchange Commission E. Civilian Conservation Corps
63. In which state did no Civil War battles take place?
A. New York B. Pennsylvania C. Maryland D. Virginia E. South Carolina
64. All the following statements about the mill workers of Lowell, Massachusetts, in the 1840s are true EXCEPT:
A. They were strictly supervised at all times. B. They worked more than 70 hours in a normal week. C. Most of them came from wealthy families. D. They wrote and published their own magazine. E. Nearly all of them were female.
65. All the following foreign travelers to the United States wrote famous books on their observations of American society EXCEPT:
A. Alexis de Tocqueville B. Frances Trollope C. Fanny Kemble D. Charles Dickens E. Oscar Wilde
66. During the Kennedy administration, the United States was involved in armed hostilities with all the following countries EXCEPT:
A. the Congo B. Laos C. Vietnam D. Cuba E. North Korea
67. The cry "Remember the Maine!" is associated with the
A. Mexican War B. Civil War C. Spanish-American War D. First World War E. Cuban Missile Crisis
68. How did the colonists react to the passage of the Tea Act of 1773?
A. They tarred and feathered the stamp inspectors. B. They drank only tea that had been smuggled in from Holland. C. They called for the revocation of the royal charter of Massachusetts. D. They began cultivating coffee since they could no longer drink tea. E. They called for delegates from all the colonies to meet in Philadelphia.
69. Why did the Pony Express last for only 18 months?
A. Too many of the riders and horses died from exhaustion and abuse. B. The mail the riders carried was too valuable to be put at constant risk of attack from robbers. C. The completion of the transcontinental tele graph system made the Pony Express obsolete. D. The mail service became too expensive for the owners to continue with it. E. The Civil War put an end to all mail service in the United States.
70. What was the purpose of the colonial committees of correspondence?
A. To keep the public informed of British violations of colonial rights B. To maintain a mail-delivery service among the 13 colonies C. To write letters to Parliament protesting the unpopular measures it passed D. To circulate anonymous letters accusing specific British officials of crimes E. To convene a national convention of delegates to discuss colonial independence from Britain
71. The impact of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930 was
A. a reduction of the tariff on imports from Germany that caused public outrage B. a lower duty on Canadian goods that caused hard times in the Great Lakes states C. high tariffs that contributed to a global economic downturn in the 1930s D. an export tax on tobacco E. higher salaries for senators
72. The Star-Spangled Banner was composed during the War of 1812 and celebrates the survival of
A. Fort Ticonderoga in New York B. Fort Duquesne in western Pennsylvania C. Fort McHenry in Maryland D. Fort Sumter in South Carolina E. Fort Vincennes in Ohio
73. The term "dogfights" refers to what kind of fighting in what war?
A. Hand-to-hand combat in Korea B. Naval skirmishes in the War of 1812 C. Canine corps actions by Germany and the United States in World War II D. Jungle battles in the Spanish-American War E. Aerial combat in World War I
74. Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President in 1952 on his promises to
A. boost the economy, reform government, and end the Korean War B. bring peace to Europe and end the Great Depression C. establish a United Nations and abolish the income tax D. stop the growth of labor unions and attack communist Cuba E. implement the Great Society and sign an alliance with the Soviet Union
75. President Jimmy Carter created the Department of Energy in 1977 primarily in response to the
A. depletion of U.S. coal resources B. growth of kerosene as a heat source C. surplus of electrical power D. popularity of nuclear power plants E. skyrocketing price of foreign oil
76. All the following were activists for the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment EXCEPT:
A. Harriet Stanton Blatch B. Harriet Beecher Stowe C. Susan B. Anthony D. Carrie Chapman Catt E. Alice Paul
77. The American colonists dubbed all the following meas ures of Parliament the "Intolerable Acts" EXCEPT:
A. the Administration of Justice Act B. the Boston Port Act C. the Massachusetts Government Act D. the Quartering Act E. the Stamp Act
78. All the following are Mesoamerican cultures EXCEPT:
A. the Aztec B. the Olmec C. the Maya D. the Toltec E. the Sioux
79. The Monroe Doctrine states that the United States will
A. not allow any European power to colonize U.S. territory B. view any attempt to colonize Latin America as hostile toward the United States C. encourage Latin American colonies to rebel against their European mother countries D. actively support Latin American revolutions and wars for independence E. support European powers that want to colonize Latin America
80. What caused the United States to agree to sign the Atlantic Charter with Great Britain in 1940?
A. Germany's conquest of Belgium and France B. Germany's invasion of Austria C. Hitler's rise to power in Germany D. Mussolini's rise to power in Italy E. Switzerland's declaration of neutrality
81. Which source would give a historian the most accurate information about race relations in the Mississippi Valley in the years after the Civil War?
A. A copy of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain B. The song lyrics of Stephen Foster C. The diary of the governor of Arkansas during that period D. Tax rolls of the region E. Records of local and state laws of the region
82. Which of the following was an important cultural symbol of the 1920s?
A. Bathtub gin B. Bread lines C. Rosie the Riveter D. Bomb shelters E. Poodle skirts
This political cartoon most likely dates from
A. 1776B. 1788C. 1861D. 1865E. 1918
Which of the following statements is supported by the graph?
A. The number of divorced women in the United States fell between 1890 and 1930. B. There were more married women in the United States in 1890 than in 1930. C. The percentage of working women who were single fell over time, whereas the percentage of working women who were married rose. D. In 1930 most working women were or had once been married. E. In 1890 the majority of the female population of the United States was unmarried.
85. What does the rise in U.S. manufacturing during the War of 1812 suggest about that war's effect on the U.S. economy?
A. The economy prospered as people in the United States became less dependent on imports. B. The economy plummeted as trade levels fell to record lows. C. The economy began shifting from agriculture to manufacturing. D. The economy became dependent on the health of the national bank and the stock market. E. The economy suffered from a rise in imports and a lack of markets for exports.
86. Which colony wrote the 1776 resolution stating that "these united colonies, are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states"?
A. Massachusetts B. Pennsylvania C. Rhode Island D. New York E. Virginia
87. The Proclamation of 1763 required which of the following?
A. That fur traders obtain permission before settling in the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains B. That no Native Americans be permitted to settle along the colonial frontier C. That Britain give up control of all the land between the Atlantic coast and the Mississippi River D. That France give up Haiti to Britain E. That Spain give up its North American colonies to Britain
88. Why did the Iroquois decide to throw their support behind Britain near the end of the French and Indian War?
A. The British had treated the Iroquois better than the French had treated them. B. The Iroquois felt some personal loyalty to the British. C. The Iroquois accurately predicted that the British would win the war, and they did not want to side with the losers. D. The Iroquois had planned all along to betray the French at a strategic moment. E. The Iroquois were determined to drive the French out of Canada.
89. Which region of the country did NOT vote heavily for Abraham Lincoln in the election of 1860?
A. Southeast B. Great Lakes C. Northeast D. Pacific Coast E. Mid-Atlantic
90. At the time of the Louisiana Purchase, all the following countries claimed territory in North America EXCEPT:
A. France B. Great Britain C. Holland D. Spain E. United States
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