SAT US History Practice Test 14: The Closing of the Frontier, 1876–1900

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Question 4 questions

Time 3 minutes

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1. Which of the following was NOT a major reason for the movement of large numbers of people from the east of the Mississippi River to the west of it during the second half of the 19th century?

A. People were interested in the free land provided by the Homestead Act.
B. The completion of the first transcontinental railroad made doing business out west economically feasible.
C. People were trying to escape the air and water pollution common in the cities of the East.
D. Soil was becoming depleted in the East.
E. Strikes of gold and silver lured prospectors out west.

2. The Dawes Act

A. forced Native Americans to be removed from their traditional homelands.
B. allowed Native Americans to practice their traditional ways within the confines of their reservations.
C. encouraged Native Americans to own individual plots of land, which they and their families would cultivate.
D. allowed Native Americans to establish gambling casinos on their land.
E. outlawed the ceremonial Ghost Dance.

3. The purpose of the Homestead Act was to

A. attract people to settle in the West.
B. promote the development of railroad building in the West.
C. raise revenue for the federal government.
D. preserve open lands in the West for future generations to enjoy.
E. transfer large tracts of land to giant agricultural concerns.

4. "Exodusters" were

A. Mormons who made the journey from the East to Utah.
B. ministers who were part of the Second Great Awakening.
C. Native Americans who were forced off their land by the Indian Removal Act.
D. African Americans who fled the South in the post–Civil War period.
E. farmers who fled the "Dust Bowl" during the 1920s and 1930s.