SAT US History Practice Test 17: Politics of the Gilded Age, 1877–1900

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Question 4 questions

Time 3 minutes

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1. The term spoilsmen is most appropriately applied to

A. politicians who supported civil service reform.
B. miners who destroyed important natural areas.
C. generals who profited off of America's victory in the Spanish-American War.
D. urban "bosses" who received kickbacks from contracts between the government and private firms.
E. party loyalists who expected jobs in exchange for their political work.

2. Coxey's Army was

A. a disgruntled band of poor farmers and indentured servants in colonial Virginia.
B. a group of farmers who protested the excise tax on whiskey during Washington's administration.
C. an African American regiment that fought in the Civil War.
D. an agrarian protest movement against the government's inaction in the wake of the Panic of 1893.
E. World War I veterans who marched to Washington, D.C., during the Depression to demand their bonus payments.

3. A major source of farmers' problems in the late 19th century was

A. the inability to attain new, mechanized farm equipment.
B. a declining urban market for their goods.
C. inflation due to an increase in the money supply.
D. the unwillingness of the next generation to stay in farming.
E. overproduction and lowered prices on their crops.

4. Granger laws, passed in several states in the 1870s and 1880s,

A. outlawed the sale and consumption of alcohol on a county-by-county basis.
B. increased the supply of money.
C. established homesteading on the Great Plains.
D. regulated the rates railroads could charge farmers.
E. reformed electoral practices.