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1. In 212 CE, Roman citizenship was extended to
A. slaves and indentured servantsB. all free inhabitants of the RepublicC. all military personnel and veteransD. educated native-born landownersE. all free inhabitants of the empire
2. The events that took place at Masada in 72-73 CE showed that the early Jews of Israel were
A. great reformers in economy and societyB. fierce conquerors of opposing kingdomsC. mediators of conflicts between neighborsD. determined defenders of their homelandE. enlightened scholars of philosophy
3. Which of these shows the correct chronological order in which different types of metals were discovered and used?
A. Bronze, iron, steel, copperB. Copper, bronze, iron, steelC. Iron, steel, copper, bronzeD. Steel, copper, iron, bronzeE. Bronze, copper, steel, iron
4. London was originally developed from a village into a major walled city by the
A. Vikings, circa 865 CEB. Normans, circa 1066 CEC. Anglo-Saxons, circa 670 CED. Celts, circa 50 BCEE. Romans, circa 43 CE
5. The kingdom of Great Zimbabwe was most notable in the African Iron Age for its extensive system of
A. military formationsB. walls and stoneworkC. ports and marketsD. silver minesE. salt mines
6. The Russo-Japanese War became the first event in modern history in which
A. colonial and imperial ambitions led to armed conflictB. an Asian nation achieved victory over a European powerC. two major world powers clashed over territoryD. a conflict took place simultaneously on the land and seaE. territory rather than ideology was the motivating factor
7. The writings of Charles Dickens were BEST known for their criticism of
A. apparent hypocrisy in religious ethicsB. universal suffrage movementsC. British colonial ambitions and tradeD. economic inequality and povertyE. racist practices and world slavery
8. In ancient times, the most common route for the Chinese to trade with the Roman Empire and Europe was
A. Via MarisB. Silk RoadsC. Appian WayD. Middle PassageE. King's Highway
9. The Four Noble Truths, traditionally believed to have been articulated by the Buddha in his first sermon after enlightenment, include all of the following EXCEPT
A. suffering is caused by desire and other negative actionsB. dissemination of beliefs is necessary to a religionC. human life is inevitably filled with sorrowD. nirvana may be reached via the path of the Middle WayE. cessation of desires can lead to the peace of nirvana
10. Chinese leader Kublai Khan was known for all of the following, EXCEPT
A. introducing Buddhism to ChinaB. completing the Mongol conquest of ChinaC. establishing a capital city in BeijingD. serving as host and benefactor to Marco PoloE. launching unsuccessful invasions of Japan
11. In seventeenth-century Holland, a major economic bubble resulted from speculative frenzy over the sale of
A. artworkB. religious relicsC. Chinese silksD. housesE. tulips
This embroidery of England's King Harold was created to memorialize the
A. invasion of the Anglo-SaxonsB. Roman takeover of EnglandC. Irish resistance to English oppressionD. Norman takeover of EnglandE. English domination of Wales and Scotland
13. Which of these was the primary obstacle to French construction of the Panama Canal in the 1880s?
A. Diseases carried by mosquitoesB. Negotiations with labor unionsC. Encroachments by the BritishD. Conflicts with the nativesE. Battles of the Spanish-American War
14. The Chinese concept of t'ien ming, or mandate of heaven, most closely resembled the European ideal of
A. indentured laborB. feudal manorialismC. the "city on the hill"D. divine right of kingsE. royal appanage
15. Which of these does NOT describe one of the reasons Mexico declined an alliance with Germany during World War I?
A. British blockades would prevent armament shipments to Mexico.B. Americans in former Mexican territories would refuse to assimilate.C. Mexican ships felt too threatened by German U-boats.D. Attacking the United States would endanger South American alliances.E. The United States would be too powerful an enemy for Mexico.
16. Ancient imperialism MOST differed from modern imperialism in that
A. modern imperialism focuses more on taxation of conquered peopleB. ancient imperialism was undertaken mostly by Britain and FranceC. modern imperialism has generally involved very few nationsD. ancient imperialism focused more strongly on Asia and AfricaE. modern imperialism is focused primarily on industrialist pursuits
17. The Songhai Empire in Western Africa collapsed in 1591 as an immediate result of
A. attempts to promote trade on the Niger RiverB. an invasion by Morocco into the Songhai territoryC. fluctuations in the trading of gold and saltD. conflict between Islam and traditional religionsE. the conquering of Gao by the Mali Empire
18. Alchemy is best defined as the practice of
A. paying reparations for damages caused by warfareB. banning religious services in a particular regionC. making a government's political processes transparentD. manufacturing interchangeable parts on assembly linesE. attempting to transform metals and find immortality
19. The 1955 Warsaw Pact created a communist counterbalance to the
A. European UnionB. United NationsC. Union of Soviet Socialist RepublicsD. European Economic CommunityE. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
20. The Zapatista National Liberation Army, which arose in Mexico in the 1990s, chose the name Zapatista to evoke the
A. glories of Mexican monarchsB. spirit of peasant rebellionC. fervor of Islamic extremistsD. plight of migrant workersE. anger of South American warriors
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