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1. After solidifying his control over Russia following civil war in 1918, Lenin's immediate goal was to
A. create a new communist governmentB. reclaim Russian territory lost in World War IC. eliminate any remaining political dissidentsD. institute his own totalitarian political regimeE. stabilize the Russian economy
2. Early Vietnamese resistance to the French imperialists who controlled their country was primarily a response to
A. abusive labor practicesB. destructive agricultural policiesC. racially discriminatory governanceD. suppression of native religionE. violent police tactics
3. The city of Great Zimbabwe and the kingdom of Aksum were MOST similar in that both
A. became predominantly Christian societiesB. were located along the banks of the Red SeaC. were eventually toppled by Muslim invadersD. thrived on income derived from trade routesE. incorporated Greek as their primary language
4. During the expansion of the Muslim Empire in the seventh century, all of these were true EXCEPT
A. conquered people who converted to Islam were not required to pay a poll taxB. the ability to read Arabic was highly valued in regions conquered by MuslimsC. pagan members of conquered societies were expected to convert to Islam or face deathD. conquered people of Christian or Jewish faiths were required to submit to military serviceE. conquered people who refused to convert to Islam were prevented from spreading their faith
5. The native Japanese religion of Shinto is primarily focused on
A. deity worshipB. personal enlightenmentC. ancestral venerationD. dogmatic occultismE. penitent self-denial
6. Which of these was NOT true of the spread of Islam in eastern and central Africa?
A. The conversion of Africans to Islam was largely the result of trade.B. African women readily accepted Islam's traditional attitudes toward women.C. The elite of the African business community saw conversion as commercially valuable.D. Many Africans who converted to Islam were allowed to retain some tribal customs.E. The agricultural population was more reluctant to convert than others.
7. The spread of ancient Greek culture throughout the Mediterranean region was primarily the result of Greece's
A. unique geographyB. military conquestsC. diverse populationD. democratic governmentE. economic prosperity
8. "It is the State which educates its citizens in civic virtue, gives them a consciousness of their mission and welds them into unity."
This quote was most likely spoken by a leader who supported what philosophy of government?
A. RepublicanismB. Absolute monarchismC. Enlightened despotismD. FascismE. Constitutional monarchism
9. The concept of the mandate of heaven provided a rationalization for
A. maintaining strict standards of moralityB. invading and conquering foreign civilizationsC. transferring power from one dynasty to anotherD. believing in the moral superiority of the ChineseE. adopting largely male-dominated gender roles
10. The Incan civilization was unique among pre-Columbian civilizations most notably because the Inca
A. used irrigation systems to increase agricultural yieldB. practiced a polytheistic form of religionC. developed a complex written languageD. expanded their empire through conquestE. built an advanced system of roads
11. For the majority of the eighteenth century, South Africa was controlled by the
A. DutchB. EnglishC. SpanishD. FrenchE. Portuguese
12. Fear over the domino theory led the United States to enter which military conflict?
A. World War IB. World War IIC. Korean WarD. Vietnam WarE. Persian Gulf War
13. Which of these Roman authors produced both the Annals and Germania?
A. CiceroB. TacitusC. VirgilD. SenecaE. Horace
14. Both England and Egypt experienced all of the following as a result of the Industrial Revolution, EXCEPT
A. improved communication methodsB. expertise in glassmakingC. increased levels of foreign tradeD. thriving cotton textile factoriesE. commercial agriculture profits
15. The earliest significant civilization in Mesoamerica developed around the settlement of
A. TenochtitlánB. CuzcoC. Chichén ItzáD. TulaE. Tikal
16. Japan turned to militarism in the 1930s primarily as a result of the
A. series of Chinese threats along the bordersB. belief that democracy had failedC. desire to retake control of nearby foreign coloniesD. rash of violent civil unrest in the citiesE. desire to be completely isolated from the West
17. In order to restore peace in Europe after the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress of Vienna did all of the following EXCEPT
A. formally recognize Swiss independenceB. introduce the German ConfederationC. require France to disband its militaryD. create the Kingdom of the NetherlandsE. restore the legitimacy of the monarchy
18. The Later Ly dynasty incorporated many aspects of the Chinese bureaucratic and civil service practices as it established a new centralized form of government in present-day
A. VietnamB. CambodiaC. KoreaD. ThailandE. Laos
What famous trade route is shown on the map?
A. Via AppiaB. Silk RoadsC. Via MarisD. Amber RoadE. King's Highway
20. During his reign, Alexander the Great conquered all of the following EXCEPT
A. SyriaB. EgyptC. MesopotamiaD. IndiaE. Asia Minor
21. The Maoist version of communism practiced in China during the 1950s and 1960s differed from the concurrent Soviet version of communism in that it
A. promoted a peaceful coexistence with capitalist countriesB. viewed the proletariat as a nation rather than a classC. favored the redistribution of wealth among the peasantryD. advocated the censorship of artistic and literary endeavorsE. espoused the value of state-run agricultural programs
22. Which civilization's code of law was written in the Twelve Tables?
A. GreeceB. EgyptC. EnglandD. FranceE. Rome
23. Which of these BEST describes the Taiping Rebellion?
A. National uprising against imperialist ruleB. Militant communist insurgencyC. Battle for dynastic control of ChinaD. Religious and political civil warE. Revolt against the Mongol occupation
24. Among the Bantu-speaking peoples of Africa, the term griots referred to
A. leadersB. storytellersC. priestsD. warriorsE. slaves
25. The navigator Ferdinand Magellan is most famous for
A. leading the first expedition around the Cape of Good HopeB. being the first European to reach the Pacific OceanC. leading the first attempt to locate the Northwest PassageD. making the first landing in the New WorldE. being the first person to circumnavigate the globe
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