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1. The Petition of Right, which was drafted in 1628, attempted to restrict Charles I from doing any of the following EXCEPT
A. requiring citizens to quarter soldiers in their homesB. declaring martial law during peacetimeC. enacting taxes without parliamentary approvalD. suspending a law passed by ParliamentE. imprisoning people without regard to due cause
2. The concept of a state ruled by philosophers and built on a structure of class divisions determined by intelligence was most strongly supported by
A. AristotleB. EuclidC. PlatoD. PythagorasE. Socrates
3. Which of the following is the most important aspect of the samurai code of conduct, known as the bushido?
A. Loyalty to the feudal lordB. Preservation of personal honorC. Protection of the emperorD. Defense of territoryE. Acceptance of death
4. "It has been thought a considerable advance towards establishing the principles of Freedom to say that Government is a compact between those who govern and those who are governed; but this cannot be true, because it is putting the effect before the cause; for as man must have existed before governments existed, there necessarily was a time when governments did not exist, and consequently there could originally exist no governors to form such a compact with. The fact, therefore, must be that the individuals, themselves, each, in his own personal and sovereign right, entered into a compact with each other to produce a government: and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise, and the only principle on which they have a right to exist."
The text above was part of a pamphlet written in support of which of the following?
A. Russian RevolutionB. Velvet RevolutionC. Haitian RevolutionD. Glorious RevolutionE. French Revolution
5. Chinese trade during the Song dynasty was most strongly influenced by the
A. restoration of centralized governanceB. invention of the magnetic compassC. enactment of the Confucian civil service systemD. building of the Grand CanalE. diffusion of Buddhism across China
6. The political theories of communism and fascism share all of the following tenets EXCEPT
A. adherence to single-party ruleB. loyalty to the stateC. opposition to social democracyD. dissolution of social classesE. support of dictatorial leadership
7. Which of the following is the most direct cause of World War I?
A. Invasion of PolandB. Formation of the Triple AllianceC. Annexation of BosniaD. Onset of the Russian RevolutionE. Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
8. Which of the following was made clearer to modern scholars after the discovery of the Rosetta stone in 1798?
A. Laws of ancient MesopotamiaB. Origins of HinduismC. Written language of ancient EgyptiansD. Trading practices of Sumerian societyE. Agricultural methods of ancient China
The civilization depicted in the photograph above
A. placed little emphasis on educationB. conquered much of EuropeC. introduced the concept of dramaD. practiced ZoroastrianismE. depended on the Nile River
10. "We shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender."
The quotation above referenced the hard fighting in which of the following wars?
A. World War IB. World War IIC. Korean WarD. First Balkan WarE. Six-Day War
11. All of the following are true about the people of ancient Mali EXCEPT
A. they built their wealth through gold and tradeB. they established Timbuktu as a major cityC. they were sometimes ruled by Muslim leadersD. they organized villages on the basis of kinshipE. they relied on a strong governmental system
12. The creation story contained in the Popol Vuh was written by the
A. AztecB. IncaC. MayaD. OlmecE. Toltec
13. British imperialism in India resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A. enactment of restrictive trading policiesB. increased productivity in native industriesC. improved medical care and sanitationD. increased exportation of raw materialsE. expansion of the transportation system
14. The Mongolian occupation of China, which occurred during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, improved China's economic stability by
A. decreasing taxes on imported goodsB. leading to an extension of the Grand CanalC. decentralizing the Chinese governmentD. encouraging Chinese industrializationE. making travel on trading routes safer
15. Which factor played an important role in the escalations of both the French and Russian revolutions?
A. Rise of industrializationB. Oppressive monarchical ruleC. Previously failed uprisingsD. Influence of communismE. Demand for women's rights
16. Which of the following answers lists the wars in the correct chronological order?
A. Thirty Years' War, Crimean War, Boer War, Hundred Years' WarB. Crimean War, Hundred Years' War, Boer War, Thirty Years' WarC. Hundred Years' War, Thirty Years' War, Crimean War, Boer WarD. Boer War, Crimean War, Hundred Years' War, Thirty Years' WarE. Hundred Years' War, Boer War, Thirty Years' War, Crimean War
Around 1400 CE, the shaded region on the map above was inhabited by the
18. Which of the following would a believer in legalism LEAST LIKELY support?
A. Strong family valuesB. Loyalty to rulersC. Equal access to educationD. Submission to state policyE. Censorship of media
19. "What the bourgeoisie, therefore, produces, above all, is its own grave-diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable."
The statement above MOST clearly reflects a major tenet of which political philosophy?
A. CommunismB. DemocracyC. FascismD. TheocracyE. Totalitarianism
20. "However well educated and clever a native might be, andhowever brave he may prove himself, I believe that no rank wecan bestow on him would cause him to be considered an equalof the British officer."
—Lord Kitchener, British military commander in India
This statement supports which of the following generalizationsabout colonial powers and the native populations they govern?
A. Colonial powers usually controlled native populations primarily through military force.B. Colonial powers often viewed themselves as racially superior to native populations.C. Colonial powers tended to use native populations to bolster their military strength.D. Colonial powers were needed to help govern less capable native populations.E. Colonial powers encouraged native populations to improve their individual statuses.
21. The United Nations deployed an international military force in South Korea in 1950 primarily because
A. North Korea threatened to launch a nuclear attack against South KoreaB. North Korean and Chinese ships attacked South Korean ships in the Yellow SeaC. North Korean troops had crossed the 38th parallel into South Korean territoryD. North Korea acquired nuclear weapons from the Soviet UnionE. North Korea was on the verge of overthrowing the South Korean government
22. According to the traditional Hindu caste system, an unskilled worker would be considered part of which class?
A. BrahmansB. HarijansC. KshatriyaD. ShudraE. Vaishya
23. Ho Chi Minh returned to Vietnam in 1941 and founded the Vietminh in response to a crisis primarily concerning
A. increasing communist influence in VietnamB. American militarization of South VietnamC. the dictatorial leadership of Ngo Dinh DiemD. French colonial control over VietnamE. the geopolitical division of North and South Vietnam
The main purpose of the World War I era cartoon above was to
A. encourage American involvement in the war effortB. demonstrate the might of German naval forcesC. discourage international trade during the warD. imply German barbarism and disregard for human lifeE. illustrate the weakness of Allied military forces
25. Which of the following occurred during the New Kingdom period of ancient Egyptian history?
A. Reign of the pharaoh KhafraB. Carving of the Rosetta stoneC. Building of the pyramidsD. Expulsion of the HyksosE. Construction of the Sphinx
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